Strengthen and widen energy efficiency goals and promote the use of zero-carbon fuels in car manufacturing industries. Household air pollution also falls sharply, with access to clean cooking contributing to 1 million fewer premature deaths. Eliminating the 10 Gt CO2 energy-sector emissions remaining in SDS in 2050 would not amount to a simple extension of the changes to the energy system described in the SDS. Many of the jobs created by the sustainable recovery plan would match the skills of workers who lost jobs during the crisis, or would require little retraining. In evaluating the measures discussed in Chapter 2 in the context of the three objectives of the sustainable recovery plan, we have considered in particular: There are certainly trade-offs between these factors. The shift away from the traditional use of biomass in cooking towards modern and clean alternatives is the main factor leading to the large reductions in PM2.5. The estimate isolates the specific impacts of the sustainable recovery plan by comparing its results against a baseline that assumes no other increase in investment. EXPERTS IN Rail. For example, energy efficiency retrofits can often be ramped up quickly, as can projects to install or improve urban transport infrastructure. For internationally traded goods and technologies, promote the alignment of measures to support production with measures to stimulate demand. Provide a long-term vision on sustainability and resilience to guide investment decisions. Suppliers for high-tech goods and services (for example relating to power networks and high speed rail) are often located in advanced economies, while basic fabrication materials and appliances are often manufactured outside of advanced economies. This should help to boost the development of new low-emission and resilient infrastructure projects, attract private investors, expand markets, and support governments in reforming climate and investment policies (OECD/The World Bank/UN Environment, 2018). Many are boosted by remittances and direct aid from advanced economies that could be at risk because of the economic slowdown. There would also be a small number of construction and manufacturing jobs that would last beyond the brief recovery plan period, largely from long-lead time and slow-to-build infrastructure projects in the power sector. It is important that all new infrastructure should be developed in ways that minimise environmental impacts. The cost of sustaining these jobs is not included in the sustainable recovery plan: they would be funded from the operating revenues of firms using the assets developed under the plan. Recovery plans also need to take into account countries’ individual macroeconomic characteristics such as the size and robustness of supply chains, the degree of economic diversification and the extent of labour market flexibility. Co-operate on cross-border energy efficiency standards to expand the market size for more efficient goods and technologies. After the period of growth to 2023, the boost to the level of the global economy is maintained, despite the end of the spending and a tightening in the accommodative fiscal stance6. In addition to the reductions in energy-related CO2 emissions, investment in tackling methane leaks from oil and gas operations would yield immediate results by curtailing around 0.8 Gt CO2-eq emissions (assuming that one tonne of methane is equivalent to 30 tonnes of CO2). The economic impact of Covid-19 is likely to be felt most profoundly by the poor and economically vulnerable segments of society. EXPERTS IN Rail IEA provides heavy civil support to some of the largest class I railways in the country, as well as regional light railways. In some cases, it may be possible to use direct government expenditure to underpin measures such as improving effective regulatory procedures, reforming energy taxes, setting or raising actual or effective carbon prices, and reducing risks for private investment. Making sustainable living more inspiring and affordable. For countries that currently subsidise the use of fossil fuels, strengthening reform efforts could curb fossil fuel consumption and thus reduce GHG emissions. Governments could make support for these industries conditional on progress towards long-term sustainability and resilience. Countries ’ specific circumstances and rebates that seek to improve waste management and material efficiency still lack to! Improve urban transport infrastructure such as electricity networks and in energy efficiency for. 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