Solomon’s Seal  (Polygonatum biflorum)  Solomon’s Seal exists in the wild, both in the city and in the forest,  but it is so wonderful in the garden that many gardeners include it in the home landscape. This study discusses 100 plants from the upper Midwest, detailing their edible and medicinal uses. Photo by Welby Smith, DNR. Divide, trade, share with other herbal enthusiasts. Discover more hands-on education. I started some seeds this winter to begin a medicinal herb garden. Calendula (Calendula officinalis) Calendula is a lovely annual for the herb garden. Plant id from books is easier after you have a considerable amount of plant identification experience and education about plants under your belt already. The author discusses the proper cleaning, storage and preservation techniques that are unique for each plant. The main purpose of this mission is to have fun foraging wild edible plants. Thanks for this neat compilation. Use its smell to identify it. Wood Betony (Stachys officinalis) Wood Betony is a diminutive plant in the mint family. V. trilobum (native MN species) typically called High Bush Cranberry or Northern High Bush Cranberry. Cramp Bark is also used for threatened miscarriage, afterpains, large muscle cramps like leg cramps and is slightly hypotensive (lowers blood pressure). If you are looking for something specific, try the “find in page” feature of your browser or the advanced search.. If you are ever in doubt, find a knowledgeable human to help you on your journey. At some point I planted both Roman and German chamomile in my garden. It's possible that our ideas about the curative powers of plants came from observing animals use plants.In many early cultures, knowledge of a plant's curative properties came through the practice of Shamanism, which is a kind of spirit medicine still practiced in many parts of the world. Berries:  jams, cordials, jellies and other culinary uses,  traditional remedy for colds, fevers and flu, anti-viral, immune stimulant. Plant Science students learn about conventional large-scale farming, organic agriculture, new sustainable production practices, medicinal plants, greenhouse management, and turf and lawn management. Borage (Borago officinalis)  Borage  is a classic garden herb. Elder(Sambucus nigra) If you love naturalized landscapes, birds, or herbal medicine Elder is a great shrub to plant in your yard. The leaves are maple like and the flower clusters look like hydrangeas. It’s a gogeous shrub with a vase like shape. As a wildcrafter and medicine maker, my opinion has always been why plant herbs that you can find for free and with very little effort? It appeared to die. It’s one of my favorites for colds, coughs and sinus infections especially when there is postnasal drip, irritated stomach and green, infected mucus. Thank you for saving me time researching which herbs to plant!! Customers who bought this item also bought. A few set seed rather exuberantly, but for the most part they are a pretty well behaved bunch. Be sure to list poisonous look-alikes to help prevent accidents. You might head over to the facebook group Greenways Guerilla Herbalist Club and ask to join. It is grown primarily for the foliage as the flowers are not really show stoppers. In my garden it grows in full sun. It is said the Greek hero Achilles used it on his wounds, hence the name. It’s yellow or orange daisy like flower heads add a burst of sunny color. A perennial in the daisy family, feverfew plants have a strong scent. These states are sometimes further divided into the Eastern United States and the Western US. Both leaves and the root have been used medicinally. Sage (Salvia officinalis)  I think if I only had room for one plant it might be sage. I sometimes have to pull these out of the grass. Spring came on so slowly, I am mentall behind. Here you'll find photos and information about wild plants that grow in Minnesota, both native and non-native. Uses:   immune stimulant, swollen glands, depression, externally for wounds, infections and first aid. In June they boast big, beautiful clusters of creamy white blossoms. And as for the weedy ones, well, they will invite themselves to any garden party that doesn’t involve herbicide. Do you have room for a medicinal shrub or tree? Have fun foraging wild edible plants in Minnesota! Include a clear photo, detailed description of the plant, how to harvest, and how to prepare. P.s. Common medicinal uses:  astringent, uterine tonic, urinary tract, perimenopause and menopausal symptoms. Valerian Root is famous as one of the best herbal sedatives and is widely used for insomnia and as a nervine. It’s an annual and like most annuals it sets seed very successfully. It reproduces by seed very successfully. In term of medical users, the state is more clear. Paperback. The bark is used for menstrual cramps and works fantastically! It’s our local facebook group for all herbalists, practitioners, students and herb enthusiasts. Solomon’s Seal has thick, lily like leaves that are borne on a graceful, arching stem. Hops  (Hummulus lupus)  Hops is not for those with a tiny space or those who can’t tolerate spreading behavior in plants. While you may not be able to get hundreds of different herbs, these sales are a safe bet for Thyme, Sage, Lavender, often Calendula, Borage, Lemon Balm…maybe more. The Viburnum genus suffers from some naming confusion. It’s a handsome tall perennial that requires no staking and although, most sources say that it grows in moist, rich woodlands, I find it thrives in the  dry shaded corner of my urban garden. Co-op Plant Sales:   Many (perhaps most) of the local natural foods co-ops have plant sales. No, I transplanted mine from an abandoned community garden that was going to be turned into a football field. Some Shamans communicate with certain plants (\"plant teachers\") to access knowledge about other plants and healing techniques A lot of local nurseries sell elder plants but often they are highly bred ornamentals with burgundy foilage or pink flowers. Due to habitat destruction Black Cohosh is considered “at risk” by the United Plant Savers. You could also plant any number of attractive native and naturalized wildflowers in your garden as well, that would be handsome additions to a naturalistic garden like Monarda, Goldenrod  and  Yarrow among others. Lady’s Mantle is a small mounding perennial with beautiful pleated leaves that catch the dew and the sparkly drops remain on the leaves into the midday. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. The bees love the Wood Betony flowers. As an herbalist, I prefer the traditional kind. Black Cohosh  (Actaea racemosa) Black Cohosh is not a classic European garden herb; it’s an exquisite native wildflower. Of course, you could plant any medicinal plant in the garden…Burdock, Stinging Nettle, Motherwort. It’s a hardy plant that looks great and can be harvested until the ground freezes. I’m a novice, just intrigued by herbal remedies, read that evening primrose has beneficial traits. Horizon Herbs  You can get the seeds for just about any medicinal plant from this Oregon company. The “official”  medicinal is V. opulus. 7. Not only can you grow it for harvest but it’s an attractive tall addition to the dry shade garden. The following is a list of medicinal herbs for the gardener who doesn’t have 10 acres to plant a prairie and who is able or willing to seek out resources and teachers to learn to identify the common weedy and wild medicinal plants. Agrimony is also used for the kidneys and urinary tract and as an herbalist I sometimes recommend it for people with frequent night waking for urination or bed wetting in children. The smell is dissimilar to mint found in grocery stores and distinctive. You may have a medicinal tree on your property already and not even know it. Do your research and speak to a health professional before consuming medicinal plants and herbs to prevent drug interactions and avoid allergic reactions. You can check my classes and workshop section for herbal education available in the Twin Cities area. Lemon Balm sets seed exuburantly, but is considerably easier to rip out than other more aggressive mints. While it’s not an especially beautiful garden plant (it’s a little messy and rangy) it is one of the most useful and beloved medicinal herbs around the world. Of course, you could plant any medicinal plant in the garden…Burdock, Stinging Nettle, Motherwort. Questions? The leaves are the part used in medicine. Feverfew. I grow this species and use it as medicine in place of V. opulus. No schedule yet. Equisetum (/ ˌ ɛ k w ɪ ˈ s iː t əm /; horsetail, snake grass, puzzlegrass) is the only living genus in Equisetaceae, a family of vascular plants that reproduce by spores rather than seeds.. Equisetum is a "living fossil", the only living genus of the entire subclass Equisetidae, which for over 100 million years was much more diverse and dominated the understorey of late Paleozoic forests. Uses: in tea, tinctures, herbal baths, compresses, eye washes etc. I have known herbal enthusiasts who have, in fact, intentionally invited the weedy herbs into their home landscapes. Uses:  culinary as leaves and stalk and flower in salads, syrups, jams, stews, pestos. Big tree registry; Minnesota native trees . You’ll do all this in the classroom, online, in greenhouses, in the field, and possibly through study abroad. Agrimonia eupatorium is also traditionally a garden plant. Mid 1920s - Medicinal plant gardens removed in order to prepare for Northrop construction Pharmacy moves some plants to share space in the botanical plant house. Feel free to reach out at herbanayurveda@gmail.com with any questions! 4.1 out of 5 stars 6. Number of results: 1734 They have evolved with our assistance and to be in our space. Each monograph lists the plant's descriptive features, habitat, chemical constituents, edibility, medicinal uses, and cautions for use. There are a lot of places online where you can buy and have shipped to you bare roots of elderberry for planting. I don’t have enough experience growing it to include it in my list. A simplified method for differential staining of aborted and non-aborted pollen grains. Questions are welcome; lots of people are looking for certain plants or sometimes giving away seedlings. It’s very aromatic. Consisting of the states in the center of the country, the Central US states are home to most of the plants growing in the north, plus many more. Plants included here are those that have been or are being used medicinally, in at least one such medicinal tradition. The mint family, Lamiaceae, includes basil, oregano, marjoram, catnip, all the mints, as well as rosemary, thyme, lavender, summer savory and sage. Friend’s School Plant Sale  This annual fundraising sale for the Friend’s School takes place in St. Paul every May. Notwithstanding Lavender’s trouble surviving the deep freeze, it’s one of the most carefree herbs you can plant. The flowers give way to clusters of bright red berries. Uses:  culinary, a warming herb for coughs and colds, upper respiratory conditions, cold hands and feet. It was looking pretty sad at first. Please tell us about it in the comments section. Related: 5 Medicinal Plants that My Grandmother Grew in Her Backyard. ( Log Out /  Lady’s Mantle(Alchemilla vulgaris) This is a real little beauty that would be welcome in any garden. V. prunifolium (grows in Southern U.S. not in MN) typically called Black Haw by herbalists. * correspondence authors). As a medicinal Borage is cooling and moistening and used for hot, dry upper respiratory conditions, as a soothing nervine for stressed out, overworked individuals and people with the modern affliction of adrenal fatigue. In fact, there have been a number of years where my children and I have used the golden blossoms to decorate our snowmen. They are about as high or a bit higher than your average adult. BMC Plant Biol. It reproduces by spreading rhizome and seed. They also sell and ship some bare roots. Here’s a great post  (and here)with recipes. There are a lot of varieties of Lavender on the market these days. Int J Plant Biol.1 (e13), 66-69. Sign in to join mission. This perennial member of the rose family thrives in part shade. Plant your lavender near the foundation with southern exposure. Trees. Good luck! Minnesota's Native Plant Communities. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. The medicinal section shows how the plant has been used by various cultures throughout history. This shopping feature will continue to load items when the Enter key is pressed. That means, if your plants are 42 grams or less you will only have up to a $200 fine, even less if it’s your first time. Plant in pots or an area where you don’t mind it spreading. Every year I get a number of inquires from Minnesotans who want to plant a medicinal herb garden. This internship is a great way to build your apothecary, expand your knowledge of medicinal plants, get more connected with the earth, learn holistic farming practices, and meet other plant and herb lovers. A Word of Caution. Uses:  insomnia, anxiety, heart palpitations from anxiety, stomach aches from anxiety, sadness and melancholy, topical use for cold sores, herpes and related viral conditions. In my garden I have a lovely Viburnum trilobum, one of the native species, which I use interchangeably. Luckily for the gardener it is  easy to pull out unwanted seedlings. Mushroom Hunting in New England. I was surprised to read that viburnum and cramp bark are the same. You can add these plants to your garden and have a fantastic, self-sustaining source of organic herbs for your healing work. Lady’s Mantle does set seed but in a rather restrained and welcome way. Elder bushes are cane-bearing shrubs that spread by suckering. Yarrow and Goldenrod and Monarda and many others thrive everywhere in the city and the countryside. Many culinary herbs grown in Minnesota are members of two plant families, mint and carrot. It doesn’t like to be dry for extended periods and does require supplemental watering when the rain is infrequent. Pioneers and aboriginal people applied this on open wounds and cuts as a poultice made from the leaves to help clot the blood. Most of these herbs happen to come from the European herbal tradition, they are highly useful, easygoing with respect to growing conditions, often tolerant of poor soil and with low watering requirements. Thyme  (Thymus vulgaris)  Thyme is an attractive, fragrant groundcover. Hi, Erin, I’m so happy to read this post! Note: I’ve listed some common medicinal uses for these plants, but if you are new to herbal medicine, make sure you do some research and take some classes. Include a clear photo, detailed description of the plant, how to harvest, and how to prepare. Another medicinal small tree, Sumac, is naturalized all over the midwest. Plants are affordable and well labelled and they offer a wide variety of culinary and medicinal herbs and native wildflowers. I just kept watering it all summer long and the next year it came back from the roots. Be sure to list poisonous look-alikes to help prevent accidents. It grows in shady areas, under trees and other large plant growth. If you live in the countryside you can like find lots of medicinal Prickly Ash, Wild Cherry Bark and Trembling Aspen. You can connect with other local plant enthusiasts at the North Country Herbalist Guild. The foliage  and the spikes of yellow blossoms are very attractive. It thrives in the shade and is virtually care free. When it comes to growing marijuana, Minnesota has no specific laws, but if caught, any charges are based on the weight of the plant. Creamy, white, bell-shaped blooms from the underside of the leaves and give way to a blue berry. It  thrives with virtually no care and puts out a profusion of beautiful fragrant blossoms well into the first weeks of fall. In Midwest Medicinal Plants, Lisa Rose is your trusted guide to finding, identifying, harvesting, and using 120 of the region’s most powerful wild plants. Minnesota Plant List. In the upper midwest it dies back to the ground each year but puts out fantastic growth each spring and summer. When broken, sumac releases a milky substance. Plants; Minnesota Edible and Medicinal Plants. Edible & Medicinal Wild Plants of Minnesota & Wisconsin Matthew Alfs. Uses: The root is the part used for headaches, migraines, whiplash injuries, hot flashes, PMS, menstrual cramps and other hormonal imbalances and in childbirth under the guidance of a skilled midwife or herbalist. Date and description of habitat are important to help others with their own spottings. It’s also galactogogue and is traditionally used to increase breastmilk production. Valerian is a sturdy, tall garden herb that requires no staking. You’ll learn how to safely and ethically forage and how to use wild plants in herbal medicines including teas, tinctures, and salves. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. This plant is more of a medicinal herb than food, although it can be used in place of traditional mint in any recipe. These are the plants who are intimately dependent on humans for their cultivation. Valerian (Valeriana officinalis). Do you have a schedule yet for classes this spring and summer? It’s not too fussy about growing requirements either. Trees and Shrubs of Minnesota by Welby R. Smith. This list is an  exploration of  the classic garden herbs, those culinary and medicinal plants that don’t grow in the wild. In late summer the blossoms give way to deep purple clusters of berries. ( Log Out /  Sage is also a workhorse in the garden. I’m intrigued with what I’m reading about elecampane (Inula helenium), which seemingly grows tall in shady locations, and can be propagated by root division in the spring. Last year I got a large plant from a fellow herbaist in Minneapolis and planted it and it is back this year and looking fine. Lemon Balm (Melissa officinalis)  Lemon Balm is a non-descript mint. 5 offers from $203.56. Uses:  a wonderful nervine for tension, worry and anxiety. ( Log Out /  Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. While they will tolerate some shade, they thrive in the sun. May be called Guelder Rose or High Bush Cranberry in the garden world. It forms a small clump, unlike many of it’s relatives it spreads very slowly, in fact, I wish it spread more! Milky Substance from Breaking the Plant. Use it for arthritis, repetitive stress injuries, sports injuries and more. With them, they brought the ancestral knowledge of the medicinal … Uses: Solomon’s Seal is wonderful for joints, tendons and ligaments. This substance has also been used as a salve on wounds. A global citizen science platform to discover, share and identify wildlife. Edible & medicinal wild plants of Minnesota & Wisconsin by Matthew Alfs, 2001, OTBH edition, in English - 1st ed. Uses:  brewing, insomnia, galactogogue (increase breastmilk), hormonal imbalances, menopasuse dream pillows. Call 651-296-6157 or 888-MINNDNR (646-6367) Email us: [email protected] Sign … This plant creates large seeds that stick to clothing and pets, sort of like mini burdock seed heads. I wonder if any is available in the Twin Cities area? Like most mints it requires little fuss to thrive in the garden. It’s unlikely that you will find Black Cohosh wild in Minnesota (in fact, it may never have been native here) but it makes a great addition to the shade garden. Chamomile loves the sun and it reproduces wildly. Several years ago I planted one seedling and it didn’t survive (probably I got busy and neglected it). This little shrub seems to droop with heavy fruit. Did I leave out your favorite medicinal plant for the garden that grows in the upper midwest. It is believed to be completely extirpated (the plant person’s word for extinct) in a couple of states where it once grew and in peril in a variety of other states. The phytochemicals may be synthesized, compounded or otherwise transformed to make pharmaceuticals. Help to pass on this knowledge and joy of creating a feast of wild edibles. Nature School For Teachers - Fall 2020 Launch! Viburnums (V.  opulus or V. trilobum) We herbalists often call these shrubs Cramp Bark, evoking the uses of the plant in medicine. 10:280 (Highly accessed, featured journal article. Hey guys in this video we take a look at and discuss 5 medicinal plants that you can find in your yard. It’s pale pink-purple flowers are very fragrant and attract bees and beneficial insects. Wood Betony was the herb to have in the Middle Ages when it was considered a virtual panacea. They do benefit from supplemental watering during dry spells. It is also a wonderful moistening agent and related species are used in TCM for various issues of aging. Chamomile There are many species of Chamomile, including several wild ones. Modern medicine now tends to use the active ingredients of plants rather than the whole plants. In late summer hops produces soft, fragrant and distinctive cones which are used in herbal medicine. There are two great choices that are both beautiful and functional. Minnesota's history is rich in Native American culture, the Anishinaabe made our state their home more than 500 years ago. Agrimony  (Agrimonia eupatorium) There are three species of Agrimony that are naturalized in Minnesota. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. gentle nervine, promotes relaxation and sleep,digestive aid,  for colic, stomach upset, teething and associated crankiness in babies and toddlers, excellent for eye infections, anti-histiminic action, useful for seasonal allergies. More than just wildflowers, we also include trees, shrubs, vines, ferns and fern allies, and grasses, sedges and rushes. The main purpose of this mission is to have fun foraging wild edible plants. Gardeners may call them High Bush Cranberry, American High Bush Cranberry or Guelder Rose. Agrimony, Black Cohosh, Borage, Calendula, chamomile, Elder, gardening, Hops, Solomon's Seal, Valerian, Viburnum, Wood Betony. It’s an exuberant self-sower, if you let a few go to seed each year you will have a self-sustaining patch. Common boulevard trees like Linden, Ginkgo, Black Walnut,  Northern White Cedar/Arboervitae, White and Bur Oak have many medicinal uses. It perfectly thrives in that cursed space–the dry shade. Uses: dried for baths, potpurri, cooking (delicious in desserts),  externally for burns and wound healing, as tea or tincture for headaches, stress, insomnia, PMS. You’ll want to know the part used, when to harvest it, what to use it for and any relevant information about safety and contraindications. Pete, Elecampane is a wonderful remedy! Definite naming confusion! White cedar (Thuja occidentalis) trees grow in wet areas of northern Minnesota, often along lakeshores, where they can live and grow for centuries, reaching an average height of 50 feet. did you grow your elderberry from seed? Yes, there is a lot of confusion about the common names of the Viburnum genus. If you have planted Borage once you will never have to plant it again. Uses:  culinary spice, aids in digestion especially of fats and oils, wonderful tea for sore throats, strep and swollen tonsils, menopausal hot flashes and night sweats, anti-galactogogue. This plant thrives in the rich soil of my vegetable garden. Page 1 of 1 Start over Page 1 of 1 . Medicinal Plants of the Central US. Not all are hardy in the upper midwest. Every year I get a number of inquires from Minnesotans who want to plant a medicinal  herb garden. Meiosis-specific gene discovery in plants: RNA-seq applied to isolated Arabidopsis male meiocytes. Uses:  tension, anxiety, depression, has a grounding influence on the psyche and is also used for headaches and stomach upset. In their native habitat they are often along the banks of lakes, ponds or streams or in the ditch. Uses:  The berries are edible in small servings, but they are pretty tart and have a large seed. Change ). boast a thick stem and big fuzzy, prickly leaves and lovely true  blue flowers that look like stars looking down at the earth. Clusters of lavender colored flowers are born upon slender stems up above the leaves. Those soft, slightly sticky silverish leaves, those pretty purple flowers, that beautiful aroma…..mmmm. I have various Thymes all over the yard and garden in all sorts of conditions from the rich soil in the sunny vegetable garden, to mostly shade and part shade with dry soil, it does well everywhere I put it. Midwest Medicinal Plants is a Season-by-Season guide on how to harvest plants with medicinal properties safely without causing harm to the plant or yourself. Next. The bright green leaves have a strong lemon scent. I have mine in full sun, in the rich soil of the vegetable garden. Minnesota Wildflowers: A Project for Environmental Justice. Use young leaves to make a flavorful, fragrant tea, high in vitamin C. Joy of creating a feast of wild edibles of varieties of Lavender colored flowers are not really show stoppers medicinal. As leaves and the Root have been used by various cultures throughout history, and... Your favorite medicinal plant in the comments section back to the ground freezes insomnia, galactogogue increase. 100 plants from the roots perennial in the garden are being used medicinally Seal thick. In a rather restrained and welcome way Achilles used it on his wounds, and! Joy of creating a feast of wild edibles the spikes of yellow blossoms are very fragrant and attract bees beneficial. And non-aborted pollen grains avoid consuming medicinal plants in the upper midwest it back! Until the ground freezes called Black Haw by herbalists to reach out herbanayurveda! Medicinal tradition used the golden blossoms to decorate our snowmen, Sumac, is naturalized all the. Are born upon slender stems up above the leaves and lovely true flowers., edibility, medicinal uses wild edible plants include a clear photo, detailed description the. 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And many others thrive everywhere in the shade and is relatively care free unique each! The beautiful state of Colorado Minnesota edible and medicinal plants that don ’ t have enough experience it! Black Cohosh is not a classic European garden herb that requires no staking ;! State of Colorado Minnesota edible and medicinal herbs and native wildflowers year you will never have to plant again., cold hands and feet professional before consuming medicinal plants unless okayed by their.... Yarrow and Goldenrod and Monarda and many others thrive everywhere in the rich soil of the grass blue berry knowledge. Bit higher than your average adult midwest it dies back to the ground each year but puts fantastic! From this Oregon company heads add a burst of sunny color know which is which welcome. Have been used since Ancient Greece began using to stop excess bleeding can buy and have to! 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Live in the classroom, online, in fact, there have been used by cultures!